Monday, 22 May 2017

German Projectiles - 75mm Projectiles







German Projectiles










H.E. Projectile Type 34, 75mm


German Designation: Sprgr. Patr. KwK (34) (Sprenggranate Patrone Kampfwagenkanone 34)

Employment: 7.5cm KwK (Kampfwagenkanone)
                 7.5cm Stu.G. (Sturm Geschutz)
                                 7.5cm KwK 40 (Kampfwagenkanone 40)
                           7.5cm Stu.G. 40 (Sturm Geschutz 40)
                               7.5cm Pak 40 (Panzerabwehrkanone 40)
                               7.5cm Geb G. 36 (Gebirgs Geschutz 36)
                           7.5cm L.G. 40 (Leuchtes Gescutz 40)
                                     7.5cm L.F.K. 18 (Leuchtes Feld Kanone 18)



Dimensions

Overall length w/ fuze (complete round): 13.5 inches
Overall length w/o fuze (complete round): 11.6 inches
Distance from base to band: 2.187 inches
Width of bimetallic rotating band: 0.7 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 2.5 inches
Total weight (complete round): 12.6 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 30 ounces

Type of Bursting Charge: Amatol 40/60 + smoke box of red phosphorous
(TNT/Amatol 90/10 when used for Geb.G.36)
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 9.56 inches
Diameter at case neck: 2.93 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.01 inches
Diameter at base: 3.6 inches
Weight of propellant: 12.25 ounces
Type of propellant: Tubular Nitrocellulose

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze K1 AZ 23

Markings: Painted Green

Packaging: Two rounds to a metal container - 46.64 pounds







A.P. Projectile with Ballistic Cap and Piercing Cap, Type 39, 75mm


German Designation: Pzgr. Patr. 39 KwK 40 (Panzergranate Patrone 39 Kampfwagenkanone 40)

Employment: 7.5cm KwK 40 (Kampfwagenkanone 40)
                 7.5cm Stu.G. 40 (Sturm Geschutz 40)
                     7.5cm Pak 40 (Panzerabwehrkanone 40)

Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 29.3 inches
Overall length w/o tracer (projectile): 9.625 inches
Distance from base to band: 0.98 inches
Width of bimetallic rotating band: 0.67 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 2.94 inches
Total weight (complete round): 29.4 pounds

Type of bursting charge: Cyclonite
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 19.4 inches
Diameter at case mouth: 3.15 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.8 inches
Diameter at case base: 4 inches
Weight of propellant: 5.35 pounds
Type of propellant: Tubular Diglycol

Fuze: Bd. Z. 5103

Markings: Painted black with red band and red stencilling

Packaging: Two rounds to a metal container


Remarks: The bursting charge is in an aluminum container which is a tight fit in the projectile cavity.  This projectile may or may not have a cannelure on the cap.

A round exists for the Pak 40 designated "Pzgr. Patr. 40 Pak 40", which is an A.P. projectile with a tungsten carbide core.  It has a reported weight of 7.06 pounds.









Hollow Charge Projectile, Type 39, 75mm


German Designation: 7.5cm Gr. 39 (Granate 39)

Employment: Geb. K. 15 (Gebirgs Kanone 15)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 14.68 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 11.181 inches
Width of bimetallic rotating band: 0.43 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 2.95 inches
Distance from base to band: 0.7 inches
Total weight (projectile): 9.9 pounds

Type of Bursting Charge: Cyclonite/Wax/TNT
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 5.078 inches
Diameter at case mouth: 3.03 inches
Diameter at case base: 3.34 inches
Weight of propellant: 11.6 ounces
Type of propellant: Flaked Nitroglycerine and Nitrocellulose with Nitroguanadine

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze A.Z. 38

Packaging: Three shells and three cases in a wicker basket.

Markings: Painted green


Remarks: When fired, the projectile will be found with 28 grooves in the band.







Hollow Charge Projectile for Tank Gun, 75mm


German Designation: 7.5cm Gr. Patr. 38 KwK (H.L.) (Granate Patron 38 Kampfwagenkanone (Hohl Ladung) )

Employment: 7.5cm KwK (Kampfwagenkanone)
                 7.5cm Stu.G. (Sturm Geschutz)
                                 7.5cm KwK 40 (Kampfwagenkanone 40)
                           7.5cm Stu.G. 40 (Sturm Geschutz 40)
                               7.5cm Geb G. 36 (Gebirgs Geschutz 36)
                            7.5cm L.G. 40 (Leuchtes Geschutz 40)
                                     7.5cm L.F.K. 18 (Leuchtes Feld Kanone 18)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 18.5 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 11.2 inches
Width of bimetallic rotating band: 0.66 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 2.55 inches
Distance from base to band: 2.2 inches
Total weight (complete round): 12 pounds, 14 ounces
Total weight (projectile): 9.75 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 1.22 pounds

Type of Bursting Charge: Cyclonite/Wax/TNT
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 9.56 inches
Diameter at case neck: 2.93 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.01 inches
Diameter at case rim: 3.6 inches
Weight of case: 2 pounds, 1.79 ounces
Weight of propellant: 12.61 ounces
Type of propellant: Tubular Nitrocellulose

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze A.Z. 38

Packaging: Two rounds to a metal container

Markings: Painted green


Remarks: Hollow charge projectiles are made in two pieces, the male nose being threaded into the body.  There are two spanner flats on the nose piece.





Hollow Charge Projectile for Tank Gun, Type B, 75mm


German Designation: 7.5cm Gr. Patr. 38 KwK (H.L./B) (Granate Patron 38 Kampfwagenkanone (Hohl Ladung/B) )

Employment: 7.5cm KwK (Kampfwagenkanone)
                 7.5cm Stu.G. (Sturm Geschutz)
                                 7.5cm KwK 40 (Kampfwagenkanone 40)
                           7.5cm Stu.G. 40 (Sturm Geschutz 40)
                               7.5cm Geb G. 36 (Gebirgs Geschutz 36)
                           7.5cm L.G. 40 (Leuchtes Gescutz 40)
                                     7.5cm L.F.K. 18 (Leuchtes Feld Kanone 18)
                               7.5cm Pak 40 (Panzerabwehrkanone 40)


Dimensions

Overall length w/ fuze (complete round): 19.36 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 12 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.63 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 2.48 inches
Distance from base to band: 2.2 inches

Type of Bursting Charge: Cyclonite/Wax/TNT
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 9.56 inches
Diameter at case neck: 2.93 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.01 inches
Diameter at case rim: 3.6 inches
Weight of case: 2 pounds, 1.79 ounces
Weight of propellant: 12.61 ounces
Type of propellant: Tubular Nitrocellulose

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze A.Z. 38

Packaging: Two rounds to a metal container

Markings: Painted green.
"HL/B" stencilled in black on nose.


Remarks: Hollow charge projectiles are made in two pieces, the male nose being threaded into the body.  There are two spanner flats on the nose piece.






Smoke Projectile for Tank Gun, 75mm


German Designation: 7.5cm Nbgr. Patr. KwK (Nebelgranate Patrone Kampfwagenkanone)

Employment: 7.5cm KwK (Kampfwagenkanone)
                 7.5cm Stu.G. (Sturm Geschutz)
                                 7.5cm KwK 40 (Kampfwagenkanone 40)
                           7.5cm Stu.G. 40 (Sturm Geschutz 40)
                           7.5cm L.G. 40 (Leuchtes Gescutz 40)
                                     7.5cm L.F.K. 18 (Leuchtes Feld Kanone 18)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 20.9 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 13.5 inches
Overall length w/o fuze (projectile): 11.6 inches
Diameter at base: 2.5 inches
Distance from base to band: 2.187 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.67 inches
Total weight (projectile): 13.6 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 2 ounces

Type of bursting charge: 80/20 Oleum impregnated in pumice, smoke mixture.
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 9.56 inches
Diameter at case neck: 2.93 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.01 inches
Diameter at case rim: 3.6 inches
Weight of cartridge case: 2.1 pounds, 1.79 ounces
Type of propellant: Tubular Nitrocellulose
Weight of propellant: 12.61 pounds

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze K1 A.Z. 23 Nb

Packaging: Two rounds to a metal container


Markings: Painted green
"Nb" stencilled on body in white.


Remarks: This projectile is machined to the same design as the H.E. Projectile, Type 34, with the exception of a recess one inch in diameter, 0.08 inch in depth provided at the base of the cavity for seating lower end of the burster tube.  There is a threaded plug in the side wall used to close the filling hole.





A.P.C. Tank Gun Projectile, 75mm


German Designation:  Pzgr. Patr. KwK (Panzergranate Patrone Kampfwagenkanone)

Employment: 7.5cm KwK (Kampfwagenkanone)
                 7.5cm Stu.G. (Sturm Geschutz)
                           7.5cm L.G. 40 (Leuchtes Gescutz 40)
                                     7.5cm L.F.K. 18 (Leuchtes Feld Kanone 18)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 19.89 inches
Overall length w/o tracer (projectile): 11.312 inches
Diameter at base: 2.93 inches
Distance from base to band: 0.98 inches
Width of bimetallic rotating band: 0.67 inches
Total weight (projectile): 15.4 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 2.92 pounds

Type of bursting charge: TNT and PETN/Wax
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 9.56 inches
Diameter at case neck: 2.93 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.01 inches
Diameter at case rim: 3.6 inches
Type of propellant: Tubular Nitrocellulose
Weight of propellant: 12.39 pounds

Fuze: Bd. Z.f. 7.5cm

Packaging: Two rounds to a metal container


Markings: Painted black.
"6354 7.5cm KwK" stamped on cartridge case.


Remarks: There are two cannelures below the rotating band.








H.E. Projectile for Mountain Gun, 75mm


German Designation:  Geb. Gr. 15 Al. (Gebirgs Granate 15 Aluminum)

Employment: 7.5cm Geb. K. 15 (Gebirgs Kanone 15)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 15.75 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 12.99 inches
Diameter at base: 2.95 inches
Distance from base to band: 0.687 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.433 inches
Total weight (projectile): 12 pounds

Type of bursting charge: TNT/Aluminum, 90/10 and red phosphorus smoke box
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 5.078 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.03 inches
Diameter at case rim: 3.34 inches
Type of propellant: Flaked Nitroglycerine and Nitrocellulose with Nitroguanadine.
Weight of propellant: 11.6 ounces

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze A.Z. 23 Geb.
Time and percussion fuze Dopp Z. a/60 Geb.

Packaging: Three shells and three cases in a wicker basket


Markings: Painted green.


Remarks: There is a round designated "Geb. Gr. 15 rot" which is identical with the above except that it does not contain any aluminum.







Hollow Charge Projectile for Infantry Gun, 75mm


German Designation: 7.5cm Igr. 38 (Iager 38)

Employment: 7.5cm L.I.G. 18 (Leichte Infanterie Geschutz 40)
                                             7.5cm L. Geb. I.G 18 (Leichte Gebirgs Infanterie Geschutz 18)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 11.562 inches
Overall length w/o fuze (projectile): 9.134 inches
Width of bimetallic rotating band: 0.236 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 2.875 inches
Distance from base to band: 1.125 inches
Weight of bursting charge: 6 pounds, 10 ounces

Type of Bursting Charge: Cyclonite
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 3.5 inches
Diameter at case mouth: 3 inches
Diameter at case base: 3.375 inches
Weight of propellant: 2.52 ounces
Type of propellant: Nitroglycerine disc powder

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze A.Z. 38

Packaging: Three projectiles and three complete charges in a wicker basket

Markings: Painted green.






H.E. Projectile for Infantry Gun, 75mm


German Designation: Igr. 38 A.Z. 23nA (Iager 38 Aufachlag Zunder neu Abetilung)

Employment: 7.5cm L.I.G. 18 (Leichte Infanterie Geschutz 40)
                                             7.5cm L. Geb. I.G 18 (Leichte Gebirgs Infanterie Geschutz 18)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 15.49 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 12.99 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.236 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 2.95 inches
Distance from base to band: 1.102 inches
Total weight (complete round): 13 pounds, 10 ounces
Weight of bursting charge: 1.21 pounds

Type of Bursting Charge: Amatol 40/60
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 3.5 inches
Diameter at case mouth: 3 inches
Diameter at case base: 3.375 inches
Weight of propellant: 2.52 ounces
Type of propellant: Nitroglycerine disc powder

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze L. Igr. Z. 23nA

Packaging: Three shells and three cartridges in a wicker basket with metal bottom and metal cradle - 49 pounds.

Markings: Painted green.
"7.5cm Igr. 18, L. Igr. Z 23nA" stencilled on projectile.


Remarks: This projectile is sometimes filled with TNT/Amatol - 90/10

When this projectile has been fired from the L.I.G. 19, the rotating band will show 24 riflings.








A.P. Projectile with Tungsten Core (Arrowhead), 75mm


German Designation: Pzgr. Patr. 41 (Panzergranate Patrone 41)

Employment: Pak 41 (Panzerabwehrkanone 41)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 29.8 inches
Total weight (complete round): 16.65 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 5.68 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 1.21 pounds

Diameter of tungsten core: 1.16 inches
Tracer present

Weight of propellant: 5.43 pounds
Type of propellant: Tubular Diglycol

Fuze: None
Markings: Painted black


Remarks: Data on this projectile from captured document, not live specimen.










H.E. Projectile for Dual-Purpose Skoda Gun, 75mm


German Designation: Sprgr. Patr. 75/50 (Sprenggranate Patrone 75/50)

Employment: 75/50 Skoda Dual-Purpose Gun


Dimensions

Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 14.96 inches
Diameter of bourrelet: 2.948 inches
Width of bourrelet: 0.511 inches
Width of rotating bands: 0.472 inches
Total weight (complete round): 27.5 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 1.21 pounds

Type of Bursting Charge: TNT
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 22.83 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.15 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.228 inches
Diameter at case rim: 3.74 inches
Weight of propellant: 4.201 ounces
Type of propellant: Tubular propellant

Fuze: Time fuze of combustion type is fitted.  A brass gaine attached to fuze in distinction from German system contains detonator.


Markings: Red banded, stencilled in red.
"1941 38 75AA" stamped on base.


Remarks: This projectile is the most common of a number of types seizes by the Germans for use in captured French 75/50 Dual-Purpose Guns, of which one authority estimates there may be 20,000 pieces on the Continent.







Next Time: 76.2mm Projectiles

Monday, 15 May 2017

German Projectiles - 47mm to 50mm Projectiles







German Projectiles










H.E. Projectile Type 36 (Czech Design), 47mm


German Designation: 4.7cm Sprgr. Patr. 36 (t) (Sprenggranate Patronen 36 (t) )

Employment: 4.7cm Pak. (t) (Panzerabwehrkanone (t) )
         4.7cm K 36 (t)   (Kanone 36 (t) )


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 22.44 inches
Overall length w/o fuze (projectile): 7.36 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 1.84 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.67 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 1.625 inches
Total weight (complete round): 6.25 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 3.3 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 6.348 ounces

Type of Bursting Charge: TNT
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 15.944 inches
Diameter at case neck: 1.98 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 2.12 inches
Depth of extracting groove: 2.52 inches
Weight of propellant: 1 pound, 15.35 ounces
Type of propellant: Strip Nitroglycerine and Nitrocellulose

Fuze: Czech time or S/D








H.E. Projectile for Bohler Gun (Austrian Design), 47mm


German Designation: 4.7cm Sprgr. Patr. (O) (Sprenggranate Patronen (O) )

Employment: 4.7cm Bohler K. (O)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 16.312 inches
Overall length (projectile): 8.625 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.375 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 1.594 inches

No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 9.25 inches
Diameter at case neck: 1.875 inches
Depth of extracting groove: 2.187 inches
Weight of propellant: 193 grams
Type of propellant: Strip propellant (Nitroglycerine and Nitrocellulose)

Fuze: 4.7cm M 35

Markings: 4.7cm Pak. O or 4.7cm J.K. 35/36 O


Remarks: Fuze is marked 4.7 Pak 35 or 4.7 M 35.

Fuze is similar to AZ23 except that it has no optional delay.  There is an AP round which is the 47/32 Italian round in an M35 case.









A.P. Projectile for AT Gun (Austrian Design), 47mm


German Designation: 4.7cm Pzgr. Patr. 35 (Panzergranate Patronen 35 (O) )

Employment: 4.7cm Pak. (t) (Panzerabwehrkanone (t) )
         4.7cm K 36 (t)   (Kanone 36 (t) )


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 19.48 inches
Overall length (projectile): 5.312 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 1.844 inches
Width of copper rotating band: 0.687 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 1.719 inches
Distance from base to band: 1.25 inches
Total weight (complete round): 6.7 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 3.14 ounces
Weight of bursting charge: 0.74 ounces

Type of Bursting Charge: TNT
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 15.944 inches
Diameter at case neck: 1.98 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 2.12 inches
Depth of extracting groove: 2.52 inches
Weight of propellant: 15.43 ounces
Type of propellant: Strip propellant (Nitroglycerine and Nitrocellulose)

Fuze: None

Markings: Black tip, unpainted projectile.  Blued from rotating band to beginning of 3/8" boat-tailing.
"ENZ" stencilled in red.


Remarks: Same projectile is used in the Bohler gun except that the driving bad is narrower and has two grooves instead of three.  A red band is painted around the shoulder.







A.P.C. Projectile Type 36 (Czech Design), 47mm


German Designation: 4.7cm Pzgr. Patr. 36 (t) (Panzergranate Patronen 36 (t) )

Employment: 4.7cm Flak. 37 (Flugabwehrkanone 37)
                            4.7cm Pak. (t)   (Panzerabwehrkanone (t) )


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 21.069 inches
Overall length w/o tracer (projectile): 6.625 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 1.844 inches
Width of copper rotating band: 0.625 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 1.625 inches
Distance from base to band: 1.5 inches
Total weight (projectile): 3.64 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 0.74 ounces

Type of Bursting Charge: TNT
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 15.944 inches
Diameter at case neck: 1.98 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 2.12 inches
Depth of extracting groove: 2.52 inches
Weight of propellant: 15.49 ounces
Type of propellant: Strip Nitroglycerine and Nitrocellulose

Fuze: Base fuze (2 steel balls)
Set screw in projectile holds fuze in place.

Markings: Painted black, capped.
 "pla", lot number "1" stencilled in red.
Projectile curved in towards base.






A.P. Projectile with Tungsten Carbide Core (Arrowhead Design), 47mm


German Designation: 4.7cm Pzgr. Patr. 40 (Panzergranate Patronen 40)

Employment: 4.7cm Pak. (t) (Panzerabwehrkanone (t) )
        4.7cm K 36 (t)  (Kanone 36 (t) )


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 18.94 inches
Overall length w/ tracer (projectile): 5.375 inches
Distance of body midway: 1.187 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.51 inches
Total weight (complete round): 2.5 kilograms
Total weight (projectile): 1.81 pounds

Length of Tungsten carbide core: 3 inches
Diameter of Tungsten carbide core: 0.812 inches
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 15.944 inches
Diameter at case neck: 1.98 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 2.12 inches
Diameter of extracting groove: 2.52 inches
Type of propellant: Tubular

Markings: Painted black









A.P. Projectile with Tungsten Carbide Core (Arrowhead), 50mm


German Designation: 5cm Pzgr. Patr. 40 KwK (Panzergranate Patronen 40 Kampfwagenkanone)

Employment: 5cm KwK Kampfwagenkanone
5cm KwK 39 Kampfwagenkanone 39
5cm Pak 38 Panzerabwehrkanone 38


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 14.48 inches
Overall length w/ tracer (projectile): 5.75 inches
Diameter of bourrelet: 1.95 inches
Diameter of rotating band: 2.269 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.5 inches
Distance of body midway: 1.258 inches
Total weight (complete round): 5 pounds, 3 ounces
Total weight (projectile): 1.95 pounds

Length of Tungsten carbide core: 2.937 inches
Diameter of Tungsten carbide core: 0.81 inches
Weight of Tungsten carbide core: 0.72 pounds
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 11.342 inches
Diameter at case neck: 2.035 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 2.668 inches
Diameter at case base: 3.085 inches
Weight of cartridge case: 1.87 pounds
Type of propellant: Tubular Diglycol
Weight of propellant: 1.2 pounds

Fuze: None


Markings: Painted black






A.P. Projectile without Cap for Tank Gun, 50mm


German Designation: 5cm Pzgr. Patr. KwK (Panzergranate Patronen Kampwagenkanone)

Employment: 5cm KwK. (Kampfwagenkanone)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 16.357 inches
Overall length (projectile): 7.5 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 1.963 inches
Distance from base to band: 1.156 inches
Diameter at projectile base: 1.938 inches
Width of soft iron rotating band: 0.406 inches
Total weight (complete round): 7 pounds, 10 ounces
Total weight (projectile): 4 pounds, 8.25 ounces
Type of bursting charge: PETN/Wax
Total weight of bursting charge: 0.58 ounces

Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 11.342 inches
Diameter at case neck: 2.035 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 2.668 inches
Diameter at case base: 3.085 inches
Weight of cartridge case: 1 pound, 12.76 ounces
Type of propellant: Diglycol


Fuze: Base Detonating fuze Rd.Z. 5103


Markings: Painted black.
"164DL 608 1940 C FES" stamped in base.








H.E. Projectile, Type 38, 50mm


German Designation: 5cm Sprgr. Patr. 38 KwK (Sprenggranate Patronen 38 Kampfwagenkanone)

Employment: 5cm KwK Kampfwagenkanone
5cm KwK 39 Kampfwagenkanone 39
5cm Pak 38 Panzerabwehrkanone 38


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 18.61 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 8.82 inches
Width of soft iron rotating band: 0.376 inches
Distance from base to band: 1.55 inches
Diameter at projectile base: 1.873 inches
Total weight (complete round): 6.85 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 4.16 pounds

Type of filling: TNT with red phosphorus smoke box
Weight of filling: 5.87 ounces
Type of booster charge: PETN/Wax
No tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 11.342 inches
Diameter at case neck: 2.035 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 2.668 inches
Diameter at case base: 3.085 inches
Weight of cartridge case: 1.87 pounds
Type of propellant: Flaked gudol
Weight of propellant: 0.332 pounds

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze AZ 39


Markings: Painted green, red band around fuze.
"L.R. 25.10.40.9" stencilled in black in two places on body.







A.P. Projectile with Cap for Tank Gun, 50mm


German Designation: 5cm Pzgr. Patr. KwK (Panzergranate Patronen Kampfwagenkanone)

Employment: 5cm KwK Kampfwagenkanone
5cm KwK 39 Kampfwagenkanone 39
5cm Pak 38 Panzerabwehrkanone 38


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 16.683 inches
Overall length (projectile): 6.51 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 1.969 inches
Distance from base to band: 1.156 inches
Width of soft iron rotating band: 0.406 inches
Diameter of rotating band: 1.312 inches
Total weight (complete round): 7.7 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 4.56 pounds

Type of bursting charge: PETN/Wax (87/13)
Weight of bursting charge: 0.87 ounces
Tracer present


Overall length (cartridge case): 11.34 inches
Diameter at case neck: 2.035 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 2.668 inches
Diameter at case base: 3.085 inches
Weight of cartridge case: 1.87 pounds
Type of propellant: Tubular Diglycol
Weight of propellant: 1.1 pounds

Fuze: Base detonating fuze Bd.Z. 5103

Markings: Painted black, unpainted band at nose.


Packaging: Twelve rounds to a metal carrier - 20kg






Next Time: 75mm Projectiles

Monday, 8 May 2017

German Projectiles - 37mm to 42.48mm Projectiles







German Projectiles










H.E.T. Projectile for Naval Gun C/30, 37mm


German Designation: 3.7cm Sprgr. L'spur (Sprenggranate Leuchtspur)

Employment: 3.7cm Naval C/30


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 20 inches
Total weight (complete round): 4.5 pounds

Fuze: C/30

Markings: Yellow body with black and red rings.
Three bimetallic rotating bands.








A.P. Projectile without Cap for Polish AT Gun, 37mm


German Designation: 3.7cm Pzgr. (Panzergranate)

Employment: 3.7cm Pak (P)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 13.3 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 4.625 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 1.375 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.437 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 0.562 inches
Distance base to band: 0.812 inches
Total weight (complete round): 1 pound, 7.98 ounces
Weight of bursting charge: 0.44 ounces

Type of filling: TNT
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 10.125 inches
Diameter at case neck: 1.5 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 1.687 inches
Depth of extracting groove: 2.187 inches
Weight of propellant: 6.5 ounces
Type of propellant: Strip propellant

Fuze: 3.7 WZ 36

Markings: Yellow overall, with red band below nose.
Stamped C-21 and PK-21-38


Remarks: There is a deep cannelure 0.437 inches from the mouth of this case.









A.P. Projectile with Core (Arrowhead Design), 37mm


German Designation: 3.7cm Pzgr. Patr. 40 (Panzergranate Patronen 40)

Employment: 3.7cm Pak 36  (Panzerabwehrkanone)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 11.95 inches
Overall length (projectile): 3.531 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 1.447 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.375 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 1.456 inches
Diameter of body midway: 0.937 inches
Total weight (complete round): 2.1 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 12.34 ounces
Length of tungsten carbide core: 2.26 inches
Diameter of tungsten carbide core: 0.62 inches
Weight of bursting charge: 0.44 ounces

Type of filling: None
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 9.75 inches
Diameter at case neck: 1.5 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 1.625 inches
Diameter of rim: 2 inches
Weight of propellant: 5 ounces
Type of propellant: Tubular double-base propellant

Fuze: None

Markings: "Aux 7a40"







Rodded Bomb for AT Gun, 37mm


German Designation: 3.7cm Stielgranat 41

Employment: 3.7cm Pak 41 (Panzerabwehrkanone 41)


Dimensions

Overall length (projectile): 27.362 inches
Length of bomb body: 10.826 inches
Diameter of bomb body: 5.708 inches
Total weight of projectile: 18.26 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 5.28 pounds
Type of bursting charge: Cyclonite/TNT 60/40
(2 blocks in wax paper wrapping cemented to interior wall of bomb)

 Weight of propellant: 6.61 ounces
Type of propellant: Ngl R.P. (Tubular double base propellant Nitroglycerine and Nitrocellulose)

Fuze: AZ 5075 & BdZ 5130

Remarks: The rodded bomb is fitted with both nose percussion and base fuzes and incorporates the hollow charge principle.  The bomb has a rod which fits into the bore, and a concentric perforate sleeve which fits over the barrel of the gun.







A.P. Projectile without Cap for AA Gun, 37mm


German Designation: 3.7cm Pzgr. Patr. 18 (Panzergranate Patronen 18)

Employment: 3.7cm Flak 18 and 3.7cm Flak 36 (Flugabwehrkanone 18 or 36)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 12.519 inches
Overall length (projectile): 4.055 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 1.49 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.312 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 1.437 inches
Total weight (complete round): 3.476 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 24.68 ounces
Weight of bursting charge: 4.58 ounces
Type of bursting charge: PETN/Wax


Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 10.156 inches
Diameter at case neck: 1.594 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 1.625 inches
Depth of extracting groove: 1.844 inches
Weight of propellant: 6.52 ounces
Type of propellant: Digl R.P. (Tubular Diethylene Glycoldinatrate and Nitrocellulose)

Fuze: Bd. Z. 5103









H.E. Projectile for AA Gun, 37mm


German Designation: 3.7cm Sprgr. Patr. 18 (Panzergranate Patronen 18)

Employment: 3.7cm Flak 18 and 3.7cm Flak 36 (Flugabwehrkanone 18 or 36)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 13.779 inches
Overall length (projectile): 5 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 1.469 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.375 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 1.437 inches
Distance base to band: 1 inch
Total weight (complete round): 3.32 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 21.943 ounces
Weight of bursting charge: 0.856 ounces
Type of bursting charge: PETN/Wax

Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 10.156 inches
Diameter at case neck: 1.594 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 1.625 inches
Depth of extracting groove: 1.844 inches
Weight of propellant: 6.7 ounces
Type of propellant: Ngl R.P. (Tubular Nitroglycerine and Nitrocellulose)

Fuze: 3.7 Kopf. Z. Zerl P. or 3.7cm Kopf. Z. Zerl Fg.

Markings: Yellow overall; two deep cannelures below rotating band








H.E. Projectile (Type 40) for AT Gun, 37mm


German Designation: 3.7cm Sprgr. Patr. 40 (Sprenggranate Patronen 40)

Employment: 3.7cm Pak. (Panzerabwehrkanone)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 13.937 inches
Overall length (projectile): 5.039 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 1.448 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.33 inches
Diameter of rotating band: 1.599 inches
Total weight (complete round): 2.9 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 23.454 ounces
Type of bursting charge: PETN/Wax (90/10)
Total weight of bursting charge: 1.587 ounces

Small tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 9.75 inches
Diameter at case neck: 1.5 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 1.625 inches
Diameter at rim: 2 inches
Type of propellant: Digl. R.P. (Tubular Diethylene Digycoldinitrate and Nitrocellulose)
Total weight of propellant: 6.17 ounces


Fuze: AZ 39


Markings: Silver-grey overall, no colored bands.








A.P. Projectile without Cap for AT Gun, 37mm


German Designation: 3.7cm Pzgr. Patr. (Panzergranate Patronen)

Employment: 3.7cm Pak.  (Panzerabwehrkanone)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 13.27 inches
Overall length (projectile): 3.897 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 1.447 inches
Diameter of copper rotating band: 1.502 inches
Width of copper rotating band: 0.478 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 1.437 inches
Distance from base to band: 0.562 inches
Total weight (complete round): 2.9 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 1.5 pounds
Type of bursting charge: PETN/Wax (82/18)
Weight of bursting charge: 0.46 ounces

Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 9.75 inches
Diameter at case neck: 1.5 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 1.625 inches
Depth of extracting groove: 2 inches
Type of propellant: Digl. R.P. (Tubular Diethylene Glycoldinitrate and Nitrocellulose); or
177gm Ngl. R.P. (Tubular Nitroglycerine & Nitrocellulose)
Weight of propellant: 6.66 ounces

Fuze: 5103

Markings: Overall black;
"Co 7.741 G TP 33 11Cw.G. 1.40" Stencilled in red;
"G251 DL 608 1939C" Stamped on base.







H.E. Projectile Type 18 for AT Gun, 37mm


German Designation: 3.7cm Sprgr. Patr. 18 umg (Sprenggranate Patronen 18 umgeandert)

Employment: 3.7cm Pak. (Panzerabwehrkanone)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 13.503 inches
Overall length (projectile): 5.093 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 1.448 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.33 inches
Diameter of rotating band: 1.599 inches
Total weight (complete round): 2.838 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 21.767 ounces

Type of bursting charge: PETN/Wax (90/10)
Weight of bursting charge: 0.917 ounces
Large tracer present


Diameter at case neck: 1.51 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 1.61 inches
Diameter of flange: 1.8 inches
Type of propellant: Digl. R.P. (Tubular Diethylene Glycoldinitrate and Nitrocellulose)
Weight of propellant: 6.17 ounces

Fuze: 3.7cm Kopf Z. Zerl P. (red tip);  AZ 39 (yellow tip)

Markings: Painted silver-gray, yellow band;
"P 180 G d.7 cm Pak. 6331" Stamped on base.


Packaging: Twelve rounds to a metal carrier - 20kg








 

H.E. Projectile for Anti-Aircraft Gun, 40mm


German Designation: 4cm Sprgr. Patr. (Sprenggranate Patronen)

Employment: Flak 28 (Flugabwerhkanone 28)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 17.7 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 7.062 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 1.571 inches
Width of rotating band (Bimetallic): 0.625 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 0.75 inches
Distance from base to band: 1.437 inches
Total weight (projectile): 2.2 pounds

Type of bursting charge: TNT
Weight of bursting charge: 1.38 ounces
Tracer present (11 to 12 sec, self-destroying)

Overall length (cartridge case): 12.25 inches
Diameter at case neck: 1.6 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 1.88 inches
Depth of extracting base: 2.44 inches
Type of propellant: Ngl. R.P. (Tubular Nitroglycerine and Nitrocellulose)
Weight of propellant: 9.7 ounces

Fuze: KZ 38

Markings: Painted yellow, red band.


Remarks: Similar to British Quickfiring H.E. 40mm Bofors, Mark 1 - T shell except for the following differences:


1. Larger streamlining at base.
2. Larger tracer.
3. Smaller bursting charge.


Fuze same as British DA No. 250








H.E. Projectile for Tapered Bore Gun, 42.48mm


German Designation: 4.2-2.8cm Sprgr. Patr. L Pak. 41 (Sprenggranate Patronen L Pak 41)

Employment: L Pak 41 (L. Panzerabwehrkanone 41)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 17.875 inches
Overall length w/o fuze (projectile): 4.031 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 1.656 inches
Distance of body midway: 1.125 inches
Total weight (complete round): 2.992 pounds 

Type of bursting charge: Cyclonite/Wax (90/10)
Weight of bursting charge: 0.98 ounces


Overall length (cartridge case): 15.748 inches
Diameter at case neck: 1.45 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 1.6 inches
Diameter of extracting groove: 2 inches
Type of propellant: Digl. R.P. (Tubular Diethylene Glycoldinitrate and Nitrocellulose)
Weight of propellant: 10.94 ounces

Fuze: AZ 5072 (similar to AZ 5045)







A.P. Projectile with Core for Tapered Bore Gun, 42.48mm


German Designation: 4.2-2.8cm Pzgr. Patr. L Pak. 41 (Panzergranate Patronen L Pak 41)

Employment: L Pak 41 (L. Panzerabwehrkanone 41)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 18.1 inches
Overall length (projectile): 3.76 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 1.65 inches
Distance of body midway: 1.062 inches
Total weight (complete round): 3.34 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 11.86 ounces

Length of Tungsten carbide core: 2.25 inches
Diameter of Tungsten carbide core: 0.594 inches
Weight of bursting charge: 0.98 ounces
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 15.748 inches
Diameter at case neck: 1.45 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 1.6 inches
Diameter of extracting groove: 2 inches
Type of propellant: Tubular Gudol
Weight of propellant: 15.32 ounces

Markings: Painted black






Next Time: 47mm to 50mm Projectiles

Tuesday, 2 May 2017

German Projectiles - 7.92mm to 30mm Projectiles







German Projectiles





German Projectiles



German Cartridges, S.A.A., 7.92mm







 
German 13mm Solothurn





German 15mm Mauser






German 20mm Mauser & Oerlikon Ammunition
















H.E Projectile for Tapered Bore Gun, 28.2mm


German Designation: Sprgr. Patr. Pz. B41 (Sprenggranate Patrone Panzerbuchse 41)

Employment: s. Pz B 41 (schweres Panzerbuchse 41)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 8.5 inches
Overall length (projectile): 2.531 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 1.129 inches
Diameter of body midway: 0.752 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 1.128 inches
Total weight of projectile: 3.1 ounces
 Total weight of bursting charge: 1.8 ounces

Type of filling: PETN/Wax
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 7.375 inches
Diameter at case neck: 1.175 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 1.567 inches
Depth of extracting groove: 1.885 inches
Weight of propellant: 5.3 ounces
Type of propellant: Nz. RP (Tubular Nitrocellulose)

Fuze: AZ 5072

Markings: Black overall








A.P. Shot with Core for Tapered Bore Gun, 28.2mm


German Designation: Pzgr. Patr. Pz. B41 (Panzergranate Patrone Panzerbuchse 41)

Employment: s. Pz B 41 (schweres Panzerbuchse 41)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 8.5 inches
Overall length (projectile): 2.531 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 1.129 inches
Diameter of body midway: 0.752 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 1.128 inches
Total weight of projectile: 4.6 ounces
Length of tungsten carbide core: 1.593 inches
Diameter of tungsten carbide core: 0.43 inches

Type of filling: Tungsten Carbide Core
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 7.375 inches
Diameter at case neck: 1.175 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 1.567 inches
Depth of extracting groove: 1.885 inches
Weight of propellant: 5.4 ounces
Type of propellant: Tubular Nitrocellulose

Fuze: None

Markings: Black overall with red band









Inert-Loaded Projectile for Aircraft Cannon, 30mm


German Designation: 3cm

Employment: Mk 103 or Mk 101


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 11.719 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 5.25 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 1.187 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.312 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 1.125 inches
Distance from base to band: 0.781 inches

Type of filling: Filled with inert Bituminous composition
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 7.25 inches
Diameter at case neck: 1.25 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 1.375 inches
Diameter of rim: 1.5 inches
Type of propellant: Smokeless powder

Fuze: Dummy

Markings: Grey overall, yellow band above rotating band;
Two cannelures below rotating band;
"Wb K2 41" on cartridge case.










A.P. Projectile with Core for Aircraft Cannon, 30mm


German Designation: 3cm Pzgr. 40 (Panzergranate 40)

Employment: Mk 103 Rheinmetall-Borsig


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 11.625 inches
Total weight of complete round: 1 pound, 12.5 ounces
Overall length (projectile): 5 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 1.187 inches
Width of bimetallic rotating band: 0.312 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 1.156 inches
Width of bourrelet: 0.375 inches
Distance from base to band: 0.625 inches
Weight of projectile: 13.5 ounces

Type of filling: Tungsten Carbide Core

Overall length (cartridge case): 7.25 inches
Diameter at case neck: 1.25 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 1.375 inches
Depth of extracting groove: 1.5 inches
Type of propellant: Smokeless powder


Markings: Painted Black with white tip 1.75 inches long;
"UNT 1c" and date stencilled in white on projectile
"Wb K2 41" on cartridge case.










H.E. Projectile for Aircraft Cannon, 30mm


German Designation: 3cm Sprgr (Sprenggranate)

Employment: Mk 103 Rheinmetall-Borsig


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 11.75 inches
Overall length (projectile): 5.375 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 1.156 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.156 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 1.156 inches
Distance from base to band: 0.875 inches

No tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 7.25 inches
Diameter at case neck: 1.25 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 1.375 inches
Depth of extracting groove: 1.5 inches
Type of propellant: Smokeless powder


Markings: Painted Yellow with white band above rotating band;
black band below screwed-in nose piece.
"Wb K2 41" on cartridge case.


Remarks: This projectile has a hollow recess at its base 0.5 inches in depth.
There is one cannelure below the rotating band.








H.E. Projectile with Tracer for Aircraft Cannon, 30mm


German Designation: 3cm Sprgr L'spur (Sprenggranate Leuchtspur)

Employment: Mk 103 Rheinmetall-Borsig


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 11.718 inches
Overall length (projectile): 5.25 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 1.156 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.312 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 1.125 inches
Distance from base to band: 0.781 inches

Tracer present (Not self-destroying)

Overall length (cartridge case): 7.25 inches
Diameter at case neck: 1.25 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 1.375 inches
Depth of extracting groove: 1.5 inches
Type of propellant: Smokeless powder

Fuze: AZ 1504

Markings: Painted Yellow; aluminum fuze.
"Wb K2 41" on cartridge case.


Remarks: Two cannelures below the rotating band.










A.P Projectile for Aircraft Cannon, 30mm



German Designation: 3cm Pzgr (Panzergranate)

Employment: Mk 103 Rheinmetall-Borsig


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 12.218 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 5.656 inches
Overall length w/o fuze (projectile): 5.187 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 1.187 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.25 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 1.156 inches
Distance from base to band: 0.687 inches

Type of filling: TNT
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 7.25 inches
Diameter at case neck: 1.25 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 1.375 inches
Depth of extracting groove: 1.5 inches
Type of propellant: Smokeless powder

Fuze: Base fuze for 3cm Pzgr.

Markings: Painted Black with yellow band above bourrelet;
Red band above rotating band.


Remarks: Two cannelures below the rotating band.






Next Time: 37mm to 42.48mm Projectiles