Monday, 26 September 2016

Italian Explosive Ordnance - 120mm Projectiles






Italian Explosive Ordnance

  




120/21mm HE


Guns used in: 120/21mm Gun
Fuzing: Nose Percussion Fuze M17

Overall length (w/ fuze): 355 mm
Overall length (w/o fuze): 340 mm
Diameter at base: 123.4 mm
Distance base to band: 20 mm
Width of band: 17.1 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 119.3 mm

Type of filling: MST
Weight of filling: 2.1 kilograms
Weight of loaded projectile: 16.4 kilograms





120/21mm HE (Cast Steel)


Guns used in: 120/21mm Gun
Fuzing: Nose Percussion Fuze M17

Overall length (w/ fuze): 377 mm
Overall length (w/o fuze): 362 mm
Diameter at base: 119 mm
Distance base to band: 22 mm
Width of band: 15 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 119.5 mm

Type of filling: MST
Weight of filling: 1.29 kilograms
Weight of loaded projectile: 17.8 kilograms

Remarks: This projectile is cast steel.



  
120/25mm HE (Short)


Guns used in: 120/25mm Gun
Fuzing: Nose Percussion Fuze M17

Overall length (w/ fuze): 432 mm
Overall length (w/o fuze): 417 mm
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: 65 mm
Width of band: 15 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 119.4 mm

Type of filling: Tolite
Weight of filling: 2.55 kilograms
Weight of loaded projectile: 18.7 kilograms





120/25mm HE (Long)


Guns used in: 120/25mm Gun
Fuzing: Nose Percussion Fuze M17

Overall length (w/ fuze): 503 mm
Overall length (w/o fuze): 488 mm

Diameter at base: 122 mm
Distance base to band: 25 mm
Width of band: 10 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 119.1 mm

Type of filling: Tolite
Weight of filling: 4.275 kilograms
Weight of loaded projectile: 20.35 kilograms






120/25mm HE (Cast Steel)


Guns used in: 120/25mm Gun
Fuzing: Nose Percussion Fuze M17

Overall length (w/ fuze): 421 mm
Overall length (w/o fuze): 406 mm

Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: 65 mm
Width of band: 15 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 119.4 mm

Type of filling: Pertite
Weight of filling: 2.08 kilograms
Weight of loaded projectile: 19.2 kilograms

Remarks: This projectile is cast steel.






120/40mm HE (Cast Steel)


Guns used in: 120/40mm, 120/50mm, 120/25mm Guns
Fuzing: Nose Percussion Fuze M17 or (Guerritore) M.m.e.g.c.

Overall length (w/ fuze): 440 mm
Overall length (w/o fuze): 425 mm
Diameter at base: 118 mm
Distance base to band: 25 mm
Width of band: 20 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 119.5 mm

Type of filling: MST
Weight of filling: 1.88 kilograms
Weight of loaded projectile: 24.9 kilograms

Remarks: This projectile is cast steel.






120/40mm HE (Base Fuzed)


Guns used in: 120/25mm, 120/40mm, 120/50mm Guns
Fuzing: Base Fuze M14

Overall length: 463 mm
Diameter at base: 119 mm
Distance base to band: 30.5 mm
Width of band: 38.1 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 119.5 mm
Type of filling: TNT

Weight of filling: 1.82 kilograms
Weight of loaded projectile: 23.6 kilograms





120/45mm HE


Guns used in: 120/45mm Gun
Fuzing: Unknown

Overall length (w/ fuze): 493 mm
Overall length (w/o fuze): 440 mm
Diameter at base: 112 mm
Distance base to band: 43 mm
Width of band: 40 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: Unknown

Type of filling: TNT
Weight of filling: 2.39 kilograms
 Weight of loaded projectile: Unknown






Next Time: Italian 149mm Projectiles

Sunday, 18 September 2016

Italian Explosive Ordnance - 100mm and 105mm Projectiles









Italian Explosive Ordnance

  






100mm HE


Guns used in: 100/17mm Light Field Gun
Fuzing: Nose Percussion Fuze M10 or Guerritore I.M35, I.M38, or I.M40

Overall length (w/ fuze): 386 mm
Overall length (w/o fuze): 372 mm
Diameter at base: 99 mm
Distance base to band: 15 mm
Width of band: 13 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 99.7 mm

Type of filling: TNT
Weight of filling: 1.285 kilograms
Weight of loaded projectile: 12.7 kilograms
Booster used: No.3 M38






100/17mm HE M32


Guns used in: 100/17mm Light Field Gun
Fuzing: Nose Percussion Fuze M10

Overall length (w/ fuze): 454 mm
Overall length (w/o fuze): 440 mm
Diameter at base: 86 mm
Distance base to band: 55 mm
Width of band: 16 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 99.7 mm

Type of filling: TNT
Weight of filling: 2.218 kilograms
Weight of loaded projectile: 13.49 kilograms
Booster used: No.2 M38



  


100mm ADE HE


Guns used in: 100/17mm Light Field Gun
Fuzing: Nose Fuze A.D.E. M12

Overall length (w/ fuze): 399 mm
Overall length (w/o fuze): 341 mm
Diameter at base: 99 mm
Distance base to band: 40 mm
Width of band: 13 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 99.7 mm

Type of filling: TNT, MBT, MAT, or Pertite
Weight of filling: 1.312 kilograms
Weight of loaded projectile: 12.93 kilograms
Booster used: No.3 M38

Remarks: This projectile is fuzed for aerial burst or impact.




100/17mm ADE HE M32 and M36


Guns used in: 100/17mm Light Field Gun
Fuzing:
-M32: Nose Fuze ADE M32
-M36: Nose Fuze ADE M36

Overall length (w/o fuze): 379.7 mm
Overall length (w/ fuze):
-M32: 474.7 mm
-M36: 479.9 mm

Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: 55 mm
Width of band: 16 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 99.7 mm

Type of filling: TNT
Weight of filling: 1.57 kilograms
Weight of loaded projectile: 13.375 kilograms
Booster used: No.3 M38





100mm EP (Hollow Charge)


Guns used in: 100/17mm Light Field Gun
Fuzing: Base Fuze E.P. M36

Overall length (w/o fuze): 377 mm
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: Unknown
Width of band: Unknown
Diameter at bourrelet: 99.7 mm

Type of filling: RDX/TNT
Weight of filling: Unknown
Weight of loaded projectile: 12.5 kilograms





100mm EPS (Hollow Charge)


Guns used in: 100/17mm Light Field Gun
Fuzing: I.E.P.M.

Overall length: Unknown
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: Unknown
Width of band: Unknown
Diameter at bourrelet: 99.7 mm

Type of filling: Unknown
Weight of filling: Unknown
Weight of loaded projectile: 12.5 kilograms






105/28mm HE (Practice and Incendiary)


105mm HE
Guns used in: 105/28mm Gun
Fuzing: Nose Percussion Fuze M10

Overall length (w/ fuze): 418.2 mm
Overall length (w/o fuze): 404.2 mm
Diameter at base: 104 mm
Distance base to band: 31.5 mm
Width of band: 15 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 104.6 mm

Weight of filling: 1.24 kilograms
Weight of loaded projectile: 15.55 kilograms

105mm Practice
Fuzing: Nose Percussion M35 p.c.
 Weight of filling: 0.3 kilograms

105mm Incendiary
Fuzing: Nose Percussion M35 p.c.
Filling:
-Phosphorus: 1.7 kg
-TNT: 0.09 kg
-Gasoline 1.? kg (Could be a 6 or a 0 due to the quality of the print)
-TNT: 0.07

Note: The print for the "Filling" section is very hard to read.  Apologies.

Remarks: The projectiles differ only in filling and fuzing.  Another modification is cast in one piece instead of having an adapter.






105/28mm HE M32


Guns used in: 105/28mm Light Field Gun, 105/14mm Gun, 105/32mm Gun
Fuzing: Nose Percussion Fuze M10

Overall length (w/ fuze): 469 mm
Overall length (w/o fuze): 455 mm
Diameter at base: 90 mm
Distance base to band: 58 mm
Width of band: 14.8 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 104.6 mm

Type of filling: TNT
Weight of filling: 2.35 kilograms
Weight of loaded projectile: 16.3 kilograms
Booster used: No.2 M38







105/28mm ADE M32


Guns used in: 105/28mm Light Field Gun, 105/14mm Gun, 105/32mm Gun
Fuzing: Nose Fuze ADE M32 or ADE M36

Overall length (w/ fuze): 510 mm
Overall length (w/o fuze): 415 mm
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: 68 mm
Width of band: 14.8 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 104.6 mm

Type of filling: TNT
Weight of filling: 1.76 kilograms
Weight of loaded projectile: 16.125 kilograms
Booster used: No.2 M38








105mm AP


Guns used in: 105/14mm Light Field Gun
Fuzing: Unknown

Overall length: 300.5 mm
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: 59.5 mm
Width of band: 18 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: Unknown

Type of filling: Unknown
Weight of filling: Unknown
Weight of loaded projectile: 15.65 kilograms







105/25mm EP (Hollow Charge)


Guns used in: 105/25mm Gun
Fuzing: Unknown

Overall length: Unknown
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: Unknown
Width of band: 18 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 104.3 mm

Type of filling: Unknown
Weight of filling: Unknown
Weight of loaded projectile: 14 kilograms

Remarks: Little is known about this projectile except that it is a fixed round and is one of the latest types since it was used in 1944.  The cap is 230 mm long.  The rotating band is soft iron instead of copper.





105mm (Hollow Charge) M43


Guns used in: 105/14mm Light Field Gun
Fuzing: Unknown

Overall length: Unknown
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: Unknown
Width of band: Unknown
Diameter at bourrelet: Unknown

Type of filling: Unknown
Weight of filling: Unknown
Weight of loaded projectile: 14 kilograms

Remarks: Little information is available on this projectile since it was one of the latest designs.





Next Time: Italian 120mm Projectiles

Monday, 12 September 2016

Italian Explosive Ordnance - 76mm to 90mm Projectiles









Italian Explosive Ordnance

  






76/40-45mm HE


Guns used in: 76/40mm and 76/45mm Anti-Aircraft Guns
Fuzing: Nose Time Fuze M900/34

Overall length (w/ nose): 309 mm
Diameter at base: 75.4 mm
Distance base to band: Unknown
Diameter at bourrelet: 75.47 mm

Type of filling: TNT
Weight of filling: 0.5 kilograms
Weight of loaded projectile: 6.05 kilograms

Weight of complete round:
-76/40mm: R.C. 9.115 kg or 9.635 kg
-76/45mm: R.C. unknown or 10.328 kg
(R.C. stands for Reduced Charge)

Propellent charge:
-76/40 Full Charge: 0.97 kg Ballistite
-76/40 Reduced Charge: 0.284 kg
-76/45 Full Charge: 1.62 kg
76/45 Reduced Charge: 0.332 kg Ballistite






76/40-45mm HE M36


Guns used in: 75/40mm and 76/45mm Anti-Aircraft Guns
Fuzing: Nose Time Fuze M36

Overall length of round: Unknown
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: Unknown
Width of band: 17.2 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 75.74 mm

Type of filling: Probably TNT
Weight of filling: 0.236 kilograms
Weight of loaded projectile: 6.215 kilograms

Length of completed round:
-76/40mm: 736 mm
-76/45mm: 992.9 mm

Propellent charge:
-76/40mm: 0.97 kg Ballistite
-76/45mm: 1.62 kg

Booster: No. 2 M38

Remarks: The ammunition also is made up with reduced propellent charges.




  


77mm HE (Short)


Guns used in: 77/28mm Field Gun
Fuzing: Nose Percussion Fuze M10, I. M35 p.c., I. M38 p.c., or M (Guerritore)

Overall length (w/ fuze): 261 mm
Overall length (w/o fuze): 247 mm
Diameter at base: 75.8 mm
Distance base to band: 49 mm
Width of band: 8 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 76.3 mm
Type of filling: Probably TNT
Weight of filling: 0.58 kg
Weight of loaded projectile: 4.68 kg





77mm HE (Long)


Guns used in: 77/28mm Field Gun
Fuzing: Nose Percussion Fuze M10 or I. M38 p.c.

Overall length (w/ fuze): 298 mm
Overall length (w/o fuze): 281 mm
Diameter at base: 76 mm
Distance base to band: 55 mm
Width of band: 10 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 76.3 mm
Type of filling: TNT
Weight of filling: 0.695 kg
Weight of loaded projectile: 6.24 kg
Booster Used: No. 1 M38





77mm AA


Guns used in: 77/28mm Anti-Aircraft Gun
Fuzing: Nose Time Fuze MO6/17

Overall length: Unknown
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: Unknown
Width of band: 8.3 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 76.3 mm

Type of filling: TNT
Weight of filling: 0.22 kg
Weight of loaded projectile: 5.921 kg
Length of complete round: 492.5 mm
Weight of complete round: 8 kg, RC 7.6 kg

Propellent charge:
-Full: 0.544 kg C2 or C.G. 13
-Reduced: 0.15 kg Ballistite





90/42-53mm HE


Guns used in: 90/53mm Anti-Aircraft Gun

Fuzing: Base Fuze - Unknown

Overall length: 400 mm
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: 88 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 89.7 mm
Width of band: Unknown
Type of filling: TNT
Weight of filling: Unknown
Weight of loaded projectile: 10 kg
Length of complete round: Unknown (Manual states 17.4 kg)
Propellent charge: 2.62 kg






90mm AA


Guns used in: 90/53mm Anti-Aircraft Gun

Fuzing:
-Nose Time Fuze M41 or M.T.36
-Nose Fuze I.O. M40 p.c.
-Nose Fuze R40 m.c.

Overall length (w/o fuze): 309 mm
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: 97 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 89.7 mm
Width of band: Unknown
Type of filling: TNT
Weight of filling: 1 kg
Weight of loaded projectile: 10.1 kg to 10.3 kg
Length of complete round: 887 mm
Weight of complete round: 17.05 kg to 17.913 kg
Propellent charge: 1.465 kg to 2.65 kg

Remarks: The weight and length of rounds depend on fuzing.  The projectile has a screwed-in base plate and two copper driving bands; one band is covered by the cartridge case.







90/53mm AP


Guns used in: 90/53mm Anti-Aircraft Gun

Fuzing: Base Fuze MO9

 Overall length: 407 mm
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to 1st band: Unknown
Distance base to 2nd band: 97 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 89.7 mm
Width of band: Unknown
Type of filling: Probably TNT
Weight of filling: Unknown
Weight of loaded projectile: 12.16 kg
Total length of round: 985 mm
Weight of complete round: 19.6 kg
Weight of propellent: 2.67 kg





Next Time: Italian 100mm and 105mm Projectiles

Monday, 5 September 2016

Italian Explosive Ordnance - 75mm Projectiles (Part 2)








Italian Explosive Ordnance

  



75mm AA


Guns used in: 75/27mm Anti-Aircraft Gun
Fuzing: Nose Time Fuze MO6/17

Overall length of round: Unknown
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: Unknown
Width of band: Unknown
Diameter at bourrelet: Unknown

Type of filling: TNT
Weight of filling: 0.123 kilograms
Weight of loaded projectile: 6.381 kilograms
Length of complete round: 517mm
Weight of complete round: 8.32kg

Propellent charge:
-0.57kg Ballistite, or
-0.56kg C2 Powder





75mm AP


Guns used in: 75/18mm SPAG, 75/13mm Mountain Howitzer
Fuzing: Base Fuze MO9/41 p.c.

Overall length of round (w/o fuze): 330 mm
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: 49.7 mm
Width of band: 9.7 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 74.74 mm

Type of filling: TNT
Weight of filling: 0.265 kilograms
Weight of loaded projectile: 6.42 kilograms
Length of round (fixed): 572.8mm
Weight of round (fixed): 8.08kg
Propellent charge (fixed): 0.42kg Ballistite
Booster: No. 5 M38

Remarks: The projectile is fitted with piercing and ballistic caps.  The cartridge case for 75/18mm fixed round is made of steel.




  


75/27mm AP


Guns used in: 75/18mm SPAG, and 75/27mm Field Gun
Fuzing: Base Fuze MO9/41

Overall length: 307 mm
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: 50 mm
Width of band: 9.7 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 74.74 mm

Type of filling: Probably TNT
Weight of filling: 0.27 kg
Weight of loaded projectile: 6.2 kg
Length of round (fixed): 75/18 - 589.5 mm
Weight of round (fixed): 7.88 kg

Propellent charge (fixed): 0.42kg Ballistite







75/32mm AP


Guns used in: 75/34mm SPAG, 75/32mm Field Gun
Fuzing: Base Fuze MO9/41

Overall length: 307 mm
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: 50 mm
Width of band: 15 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 74.74 mm

Type of filling: Probably TNT
Weight of filling: Unknown
Length of round (fixed): 591.1 mm
Weight of round (fixed): 8.59 kg
Propellent charge (fixed): 0.85 kg F.B1 Powder

Remarks: Projectile differs very slightly from 75mm AP Type 1 and Type 2.








75mm EP (Hollow Charge)


Guns used in: 75/18mm SPAG, 75/18mm Mountain Howitzer
Fuzing: Base Fuze E.P. M36

Overall length (w/ nose cap): 254 mm
Overall length (w/o nose cap): 208 mm
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: 58 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 74.74 mm
Width of band: 9.7 mm

Type of filling: Unknown
Weight of filling: Unknown
Weight of loaded projectile: 4.5 kg
Length of round (fixed): 428.5 mm
Weight of round (fixed): 5.87 kg
Propellent charge (fixed): 0.249kg Ballistite

Remarks: The semifixed round uses the cartridge case for the 75/18mm Howitzer.  The cartridge case for the fixed round is made of steel.







75mm EPS (Hollow Charge)


Guns used in: 75/13, 75/18, 75/27, 75/32mm Guns, and 75mm SPAGs
Fuzing: Base Fuze I.E.P.M.

Overall length (w/ fuze): 310 mm
Overall length (w/o fuze): 302 mm
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: 58 mm
Width of band: 9.7 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 74.74 mm

Type of filling: Unknown
Weight of filling: Unknown

Total length of round:
-75/13mm: 484.5 mm
-75/18mm: 578.1 mm

Weight of complete round:
-75/13mm: 6.57 kg
-75/18mm: 7.37 kg

Weight of propellant:
-75/13mm: 0.249 kg
-75/18mm: 0.69 kg







75/13mm EP (Hollow Charge)


Guns used in: 75/18mm SPAG, 75/18mm Mountain Howitzer
Fuzing: Base Fuze E.P. M41

Overall length: 307 mm
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: 58 mm
Width of bands: 9.7 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 74.74 mm

Type of filling: Probably TNT
Weight of filling: Unknown
Length of round (fixed): 483 mm
Weight of round (fixed): 6.579 kg
Weight of loaded projectile: 5.2 kg
Propellent charge (fixed): 0.249 kg Ballistite

Remarks: The fixed cartridge case is made of steel.  The projectile has a nose cap which is 83.5mm long.






75mm EPS M42 (Hollow Charge)


Guns used in: 75/18mm and 75/34mm SPAGs, 75/27mm Field Gun
Fuzing: Nose Fuze E.P.S. M42

Overall length (w/ fuze): 310 mm
Overall length (w/o fuze): 298 mm
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: 58 mm

Width of bands: 9.7 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 74.74 mm

Type of filling: Probably TNT
Weight of filling: Unknown
Weight of loaded projectile: 5.3 kg

Length of round (fixed):
-75/18mm: 484.5 mm
-75/34mm: 586.1 mm

Propellent charge (fixed):
-75/18mm: 0.249 kg Ballistite
-75/34mm: 0.69 kg F.B1 Powder

Weight of round (fixed):
-75/18mm: 6.67 kg
-75/34mm: 7.47 kg

Remarks: The cartridge case in the fixed type of ammunition (75/18mm) is made of steel.  The projectile has a 74mm cap, which is hollow.






75mm Incendiary (F/C and F.1/C)


Guns used in: 75mm Infantry Gun
Fuzing: Nose Percussion Fuze I. M35 p.c. / I. M38 p.c.

Overall length w/o fuze (F/C): 266 mm
Overall length w/o fuze (F.1/C): 276.7 mm
Diameter at base: 74.2
Distance base to band: 38 mm
Width of bands: 10 mm
Diameter at bourrelet:
-(F/C): 74.5 mm
-(F.1/C): 74.6 mm

Type of filling (F.1/C): Phosphorus
Weight of filling (F.1/C): 0.7 kg
Weight of loaded projectile:
-(F/C): 6.3 or 6.4 kg
-(F.1/C): 5.265 kg

Remarks: These two projectiles are similar except for weight and type of incendiary filling.







Next Time: Italian 76mm to 90mm Projectiles

Monday, 29 August 2016

Italian Explosive Ordnance - 75mm Projectiles (Part 1)







Italian Explosive Ordnance

  



75/13mm HE



Guns used in: 75/13mm Mountain Gun
Fuzing: Nose Percussion Fuze M10 I.M35 p.c., I.M38 p.c, or I.M40 p.c.

Overall length of round: 266 mm
Diameter at base: 74.2 mm
Distance base to band: Unknown
Width of band: Unknown
Diameter at bourrelet: 74.6 mm

Type of filling: MNDT or TNT
Weight of filling: 0.37 kilograms
Weight of loaded projectile: 6.37 kilograms







75/13mm HE (Light Case)
 
 

Guns used in: 75/13mm Field Gun
Fuzing: Nose Percussion Fuze M (Guerritore) or M10

Overall length of round (w/o fuze): 276.7 mm
Diameter at base: 74.2 mm
Distance base to band: 38 mm
Width of band: 12 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 74.6 mm

Type of filling: MDNT or TNT
Weight of filling: 0.53 kilograms
Weight of loaded projectile: 5.1 kilograms

Booster used: No. 1 M38

  


75/13mm HE M32
 
 

Guns used in: 75/18mm and 75/34mm SPAG, and 75/27mm Field Gun
Fuzing: Nose Percussion Fuze M10

Overall length (w/ fuze): 319 mm
Overall length (w/o fuze): 305 mm
Diameter at base: 64.4 mm
Distance base to band: 58 mm
Width of band: 9.7 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 74.74 mm
Weight of filling: 0.6 kg
Weight of loaded projectile: 6.35 kg


Total length of round:
75/18 - 479.1 mm
75/34 - 580.7 mm

Weight of complete round:
75/18 - 7.725 kg
75/34 - 8.52 kg

Weight of propellent charge:
75/18 - 0.42kg Ballistite
75/34 - 0.69kg F.B1 Powder









75/27mm HE M32




Guns used in: 75/18mm SPAG, 75/13mm Mountain Gun
Fuzing: Nose Percussion Fuze M10 or I.O. M40 p.c.

Overall length (w/ fuze): 319 mm
Overall length (w/o fuze): 305mm
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: 46 mm
Width of band: 9.7 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 74.74 mm

Type of filling: TNT
Weight of filling: 0.6 kg
Weight of loaded projectile: 6.35 kg
Total length of round: 591.5 mm
Weight of complete round: 7.725 kg
Weight of propellent charge: 0.42 kg Ballistite







75/32mm HE




Guns used in: 75/34mm SPAG, 75/32mm Field Gun
Fuzing: Nose Fuze I.O. M. 36/40 or Nose Fuze A.D.E. M36

Overall length: 351 mm
Diameter at base: 65.2 mm
Distance base to band: 53 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 74.74 mm
Width of band: 15 mm

Type of filling: Probably TNT
Weight of filling: Unknown
Weight of loaded projectile: 6.35 kg

Remarks: The same projectile is used in fixed or semi-fixed type ammunition.  The cartridge case used for fixed round for the 75/34mm gun is 632.1 mm long and weighs 8.42 kg.  The propellent consists of I.B.I. powder weighing 0.69 kg.






75/32mm A.D.E. HE




Guns used in: 75/32mm Field Gun
Fuzing: Nose Fuze A.D.E. M36

Overall length (w/ fuze): 368 mm
Overall length (w/o fuze): 273 mm
Diameter at base: 65.2 mm
Distance base to band: 42 mm
Width of band: 14 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 74.74 mm

Type of filling: Unknown
Weight of filling: 0.5 kg
Weight of loaded projectile: 6.3 kg
Cartridge case: Type for 75/32mm gun

Remarks: The projectile is called a double-purpose type by the Italians and Germans.  It can be set for serial burst or impact.





75/46mm HE M34



Guns used in: 75/46mm Anti-Aircraft Gun
Fuzing: Nose Fuze M.T. for 75/46, M.T. 36 or Time M36

Overall length: Unknown
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: Unknown

Width of bands:
1st Band: 15 mm
2nd Band: 16 mm

Diameter at bourrelet: 74.75 mm

Type of filling: TNT
Weight of filling: 0.33 kg
Weight of loaded projectile: 6.5 kg
Booster: No. 5 M38

Remarks: The projectile has double rotation band with a space of 10 mm between them.  The complete rounds weigh 10.645 kg and are 866.7 mm long.  The propelling charge is C2 weighing 1.47 kg.







75/46mm HE M36




Guns used in: 75/46mm Anti-Aircraft Gun
Fuzing: Nose Fuze A.D.E. M36

Overall length: Unknown
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: Unknown

Width of bands:
1st Band: 15 mm
2nd Band: 16 mm
 
Diameter at bourrelet: 74.75 mm

Type of filling: TNT
Weight of filling: 0.345 kg
Weight of loaded projectile: 6.355 kg
Length of complete round: 880.4 mm
Length of cartridge case: 582.7 mm

Type of propellant:
-1.07 kg C2 Powder, or
-1.945 kg N.A.C. Powder, or
-1.605 kg M.B. Powder, or
-1.685 kg F.C4 Powder, or
-1.617 kg F.B1 Powder

Remarks: Double rotating band 10 mm apart.  Projectile almost identical to 75 HE M34.

 



Next Time: Italian 75mm Projectiles (Part 2)

Monday, 22 August 2016

Italian Explosive Ordnance - 57mm to 70mm Projectiles







Italian Explosive Ordnance

  



57/43mm A.P. (Without Cap)


 
Guns used in: 57/43mm Anti-Tank Gun
Fuzing: Base Percussion Fuze M09

Overall length of round: 222mm
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: 36mm
Width of band: Unknown
Diameter at bourrelet: Unknown

Type of filling: TNT
Weight of filling: 0.135 kilograms
Weight of loaded projectile: 2.912 kilograms

Remarks: This projectile is part of a fixed round which weighs 5.06 kilograms and has a propellent charge of ballistite.  The propellant weighs 0.46 kg and is compressed of grains 2mm x 2mm x 300mm.






57/43mm A.P. (With Cap)


Guns used in: 57/43mm Anti-Tank Gun
Fuzing: Base Percussion Fuze M09

Overall length of round: 252.5mm
Diameter at base: Unknown
Distance base to band: 36mm
Width of band: Unknown
Diameter at bourrelet: Unknown

Type of filling: TNT
Weight of filling: 0.105 kilograms (The book states 105 kg)
Weight of loaded projectile: 5.083 kilograms

Remarks: This projectile is almost identical to the 57mm A.P. (without cap) except that a ballistic cap is added.  The propellent charge weighs 0.55 kg and consists of powder C2 in grains 3.3mm x 1.1mm x 205mm and 102mm.

  


65/17mm HE


Guns used in: 65/17mm Mountain Gun
Fuzing: Nose Percussion Fuze M10

Overall length (w/ fuze): 214 mm
Overall length (w/o fuze): 234 mm
Diameter at base: 64.5 mm
Distance base to band: 23 mm
Width of band: 7 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 64.7 mm

Type of filling: TNT or MNDT
Weight of filling: 0.23 kg
Weight of loaded projectile: 4.15 kg
Total length of round: 394 mm
Weight of complete round: 5 kg
Booster used: No.5 M38

Remarks: The projectile is thought also to have been fuzed with the Nose Fuze A.D.E. M06 17 (My copy is blurred here).  This fuze requires the removal of the nose adapter and also changes the length and weight of the projectile.





65/17mm AP


Guns used in: 65/17mm Mountain Gun
Fuzing: Base Percussion Fuze M10

Overall length: 280 mm
Diameter at base: 64.5 mm (Manual states 645)
Distance base to band: 23 mm
Width of band: 7 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 64.7 mm

Type of filling: TNT
Weight of filling: 0.16 kg
Weight of loaded projectile: 4.23 kg

Remarks: The projectile is part of a fixed round.  The propellent charge weighs 5.13 kg






65/17mm EP (Hollow Charge)


Guns used in: 65/17mm Mountain Gun
Fuzing: Base Percussion Fuze EP M44

Overall length: 243.4 mm
Diameter at base: 64.6 mm
Diameter at bourrelet: 64.7 mm

Type of filling: Unknown
Weight of filling: Unknown
Weight of loaded projectile: Unknown

Remarks: The projectile with its cartridge case makes up a fixed round of ammunition, the length of which is 412.6 mm.





65/17mm EPS (Hollow Charge)


Guns used in: 65/17mm Mountain Gun
Fuzing: Base Percussion Fuze IEPM

Overall length: 248.7 mm
Diameter at base: 64.6 mm
Distance base to band: Unknown
Diameter at bourrelet: 64.7 mm

Type of filling: Unknown
Weight of filling: Unknown
Weight of loaded projectile: Unknown

Remarks: The projectile is used in a fixed round, the overall length of which is 418.2 mm.




70/15mm HE


Guns used in: 70/15mm Pack Gun
Fuzing: Nose Percussion Fuze M10 or Nose Fuze M (Guerritore)

Overall length without fuze: 229mm
Diameter at base: 69.3mm (approx) (Manual states 6.93, with no measurement)
Distance base to band: Unknown
Width of band: Unknown
Diameter at bourrelet: 69.5 mm

Type of filling: TNT
Weight of filling: 0.275 kg
Weight of loaded projectile: 4.75 kg







Next Time: Italian 75mm Projectiles (Part 1)